MLA Format For Parenthetical Citations
Author page format
In places de Beauvoir "sees Marxists as believing in subjectivity as much as existentialists do" (Whitmarsh 63).
Author named in text
As Mueller and Rodgers have shown, television holds the potential for distorting and manipulating consumers as free-willed decision makers (370).
Author of more than one reference
Through Grendel, "a pointless, ridiculous monster, crouched in the shadows, stinking of dead men, murdered children, and martyred cows" (Gardner, Grendel 2), readers are presented with their own silliness.
Title without identified author
"Hype" by one analysis, is "an artificially engendered atmosphere of hysteria" ("Today's Marketplace" 51).
Two works referred to in one sentence
Thomas Hardy reminds readers in his prefaces that "a novel is an impression, not an argument" and that a novel should be read as "a study of man's deeds and character" (Tess xxii, Mayor 1).
Citing several authors who have written on the same topic
Several sources have addressed this aspect of gang warfare as a fight for survival, not just turf (Rollins 34; Templass 561-65; Robertson 98-134).
Citing a source by more than one author
"Opinion leaders" influence other people in an organization because they are respected, not because they hold high positions (Cortner, Mahier, and Nicholson 175).
Citing a work with four authors or more
As the Schools Council study showed in the 1960's, children will learn to write if they are allowed to choose their own subjects (Britton et al. 37-42).
In similar fashion, the beginning of Being and Time also raises this problem: The question of the meaning of Being must be formulated. If it is a fundamental question, it must be made transparent and in an appropriate way. We must therefore explain briefly what belongs to any question whatsoever, so that from this the question of Being can be made visible as a very special one with its own distinctive character. (Heidigger 24)
In-text citations for electronic resources follow the same parenthetical citation format as a print source. The only real difference is that electronic texts usually do not have page numbers, although sometimes paragraphs are numbered. If so, the paragraph number should appear in your citation following the abbreviation par (for paragraph).
Employees "blogging" on the job may find themselves without one (Tapper and Taylor).
Works Cited (for this Webpage):
Gibaldi, Joseph. MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers. 6th ed. New York: The Modern Language Association, 2003. Print.
Hacker, Diana. A Pocket Style Manual. 2nd edition. Boston: Bedford Books, 1997. Print.
Lunsford, Andrea and Robert Connors, eds. The St. Martin's Handbook. 3rd ed. New York: St. Martin's Press. 1995. Print.
MLA Handbook For Writers of Research Papers. 7th ed. New York: The Modern Language Association, 2009. Print.
MLA Handbook For Writers of Research Papers. Modern Language Association. 2009. Web. 3 Nov. 2009 <http://www.mlahandbook.org>.